Large Animal Care

/Large Animal Care

Bloomsburg Veterinary Hospital is proud to provide quality veterinary care for local large animal species

Our veterinary hospital’s large animal care expertise includes cattle, horses, small ruminants, camelids and swine. Our specialized large animal veterinarians make farm calls with Bloom Vet’s three fully equipped mobile veterinary units for both routine and emergency services. Our animal hospital is proud to provide a large animal veterinarian on-call 24 hours a day, 7 days a week!

We have 3 Large Animal Veterinarians with a combined experience of over 50 years, which allows our animal clinic to deliver the following:

– Provide a larger information/experience base for difficult/challenging cases
– See a larger volume of cases in a given time frame

  • We offer in-house lab for routine blood work
  • We service a wide variety of LA species, as opposed to specialization in one particular species/class of farm animals
  • We service areas outside of Columbia County
  • Our veterinary hospital also offers small animal services which means you can keep all of your veterinary health services needs with the same veterinarian!

Our animal hospital also offers the following services to help you and your animals with effective diagnosis, prompt treatment and preventative medicine:


  • Reproductive management
  • Pregnancy detection (manual or ultrasound)
  • Calving issues
  • Breeding readiness
    • Estrous synchronization protocols
    • Postpartum exam
  • Disease detection, treatment, and prevention
  • Vaccination protocols
  • Mastitis treatment and control
    • Identification of causative bacteria
    • Antibiotic sensitivity
  • Parasite control
  • On-Farm surgery
    • Dehorning
    • Castration
    • Hernia repair
    • Please call our animal hospital directly to discuss if another procedure is needed


  • Regulatory medicine
    • TB testing
    • Brucellosis testing and vaccination
    • Health certificates – intrastate, interstate, and international
  • Nutritional and water quality testing information
  • Is this an emergency?


  • Yearly wellness examinations
    • Vaccinations**
    • Parasite control***
  • Dental evaluation and routine floats
  • Disease detection, treatment, and prevention
  • Lameness evaluations
    • Portable X-ray capabilities
  • Reproductive management
    • Pregnancy detection (manual or ultrasound)
    • Foaling issues
    • Vaccination protocols for expectant mare
    • Foal exams


  • On-Farm surgery
    • Geldings
    • Please call to discuss if another procedure is needed
  • Health certificates
  • Pre-purchase exams
  • Is this an emergency?

Small Ruminants

  • Yearly wellness exams
  • Vaccination protocols
  • Disease detection, treatment, and prevention
  • Parasite control
  • Reproductive management
    • Pregnancy detection – ultrasound
    • Birthing issues
  • On-Farm surgery
    • Castration
    • Dehorning
    • Please call to discuss if another procedure is needed



  • Herd health
  • Disease detection, treatment and prevention
  • Parasite control
  • Health certificates
  • Please call our animal hospital directly to discuss on-farm surgical procedures

Camelids (Alpacas, Llamas)

  • Herd health
  • Parasite control
  • Disease detection, treatment and prevention

Frequently Asked Questions about Large Animal Care

Call a vet immediately if your horse:

Is injured and bleeding profusely
Is sweating for no known reason
Is foaming at the mouth for no known reason
Has signs of colic
Has any eye injury
Is dejected, listless, or lacking normal energy levels
Has persistent scouring (diarrhea)
Is reluctant or unable to move
Is holding up a leg or won’t put a hoof firmly on the ground
Is not eating
Is down and unable to rise
Is in labor and having difficulty delivering her foal
Is having difficulty urinating or defecating

Core vaccines
these are those vaccines that are considered necessary for every horse, regardless of their lifestyles.

Tetanus – caused by bacteria common in the environment, horses are most often infected through a cut or puncture. Clinical signs may include muscle stiffness, flared nostrils, and hypersensitivity to visual and auditory stimulation. As the disease progresses, an affected horse will become increasingly rigid in the limbs and face, becoming unable to eat or drink. Approximately 80% of clinically affected horses may succumb to this disease. All horses should receive this vaccine annually, and boosters may be recommended in certain circumstances (especially wounds and surgeries) if it has been longer than 6 months since your horse’s last vaccination.

Rabies – a viral disease spread by the bite of infected animals. This disease is a public health concern, and is fatal to infected horses and people. It is recommended that all horses are vaccinated annually.

Eastern and Western Equine Encephalomyelitis (EEE and WEE) – a virus carried by birds and rodents, and transmitted most commonly by mosquitoes, this is more commonly known as “sleeping sickness.” Clinical signs start with fever, depression, and loss of appetite. As degeneration of the brain progresses, horses may begin to stagger and eventually become paralyzed. The death rates associated with this illness are as high as 70-90% of horses infected with EEE, and 50% of those infected with WEE. It is recommended that all horses be vaccinated against this disease each spring, prior to mosquito season.

Equine Influenza – a highly contagious viral disease that can be transmitted between infected horses through the air. Clinical signs are similar to a human cold (dry cough, runny nose, fever, depression, anorexia) and may persist for weeks if not treated appropriately. Although rarely fatal, this disease is costly to treat and can result in significant “down time” and discomfort for your horse. Vaccination will not guarantee that your horse cannot become infected, but will aid in lessening the severity of this disease.

Potomac Horse Fever – an intracellular organism that is transmitted by the ingestion of aquatic insects (caddisflies, damselflies, mayflies, stoneflies) and/or freshwater snails. Symptoms may include fever, profuse diarrhea, anorexia, colic, and laminitis. Approximately 1/3 of cases may be fatal. Annual vaccination is recommended in this area to aid in the reduction of the severity of disease.

West Nile Virus – a neurologic viral disease transmitted by mosquitoes. Clinical signs may include ataxia, weakness, circling, and paralysis. Up to 40% of cases may be fatal. Annual vaccination for all horses is recommended.

Non-core vaccines
These vaccines are available, but not considered necessary for all horses.

Rotavirus – a viral disease important for foals younger than 5 months of age. This vaccine is only recommended for pregnant mares.

Equine Rhinopneumonitis – spread by aerosol transmission and direct contact between horses, there are two distinct viruses (EHV-1 and EHV-4) included in this disease. Symptoms of respiratory tract issues (nasal discharge, cough, fever, lethargy) and inappetence are common with both viruses, and EHV-1 may also cause abortion, foal death, and paralysis. Similar to Equine Influenza this disease is seldom fatal, but illness may be protracted and expensive to treat. Vaccination is not necessary for all horses, but is highly recommended for mares and young performance and show horses.

Strangles – a bacterial disease caused by Streptococcus equi, and transmitted by direct (horse-to-horse) and indirect (feed buckets, water troughs, etc.) contact. Clinical signs of this disease include nasal discharge, fever, inappetance, and abscessed lymph nodes. Vaccination is controversial, and not recommended unless the disease has been a confirmed problem on your premises.

Botulism – a bacterial disease found frequently in Kentucky and the mid-Atlantic seaboard states, and often associated with feeding round bales to horses, this vaccine is not recommended in this area.

Equine Viral Arteritis (EVA) – a sexually transmitted viral disease of horses. Clinical signs may include abortion, edema, fever, depression, urticaria (hives), conjunctivitis, etc. Vaccination for this disease is generally restricted to breeding stock in specific states (i.e. Thoroughbred stallions in Kentucky).

Normal Vital Signs

Heart rate – 60-120 beats per minute
Respiratory rate – 10-30 breaths per minute
Temperature 101-102.5 degrees F

Heart rate – 160-240 beats per minute
Respiratory rate – 20-20 breaths per minute
Temperature – 101-102.5 degrees F

Heart rate – 25-70 beats per minute
Respiratory rate – 12 breaths per minute
Temperature – 99.1-100.8 degrees F

Heart rate – 40-70 beats per minute
Respiratory rate – 30 beats per minute
Temperature – 100.4-102.8 degrees F

Heart rate – 60-120 beats per minute
Respiratory rate – 19 breaths per minute
Temperature – 100.9-103.8 degrees F

Heart rate – 70-125 beats per minute
Respiratory rate – 15 breaths per minute
Temperature – 101.3-103.5 degrees F

Heart rate – 55-85 beats per minute
Respiratory rate – 16 breaths per minute
Temperature – 101.6-103.6 degrees F

Large Animal News and Education

West Nile Virus

May 9th, 2015|

This viral disease is named for the West Nile district of Uganda, where it was first isolated from a woman in 1937. Birds were recognized as carriers in 1953, and since then we have learned [...]

Equine Infectious Anemia

May 9th, 2015|

Most horse owners have heard of a Coggins test. Many have them performed as part of their horse’s annual wellness programs. What disease is this test looking for, and how important is it for your [...]

Dental Care

May 9th, 2015|

Just as in human medicine, routine dental care is of extreme importance in the overall health of our horses. Horses are grazing animals, and their teeth have developed specifically for that purpose. Their front teeth [...]